Some basic terms you will encounter in
German art books or plate listings:
Textil/Textilen - Textile/Textiles
Seide = Silk
Leinen - Linen
Wolle = Wool
Holz = Wood (as in made of, a "wooden" object)
Korallen = Coral
Gold = Gold
Silber = Silver
Metall = Metal
Edelmetall = Precious
Email, Emaille = Enamel
Kette = Chain
Bein = Bone
Elfenbein = Elephant Ivory
Glas = Glass
Kristall = Crystal (Glass)
Bergkristall = Crystal (Quartz)
Perle/Perlen = synonymous
for beads and pearls of all kinds.
Glasperlen = specifically
beads made of glass
= "Water perles"/Freshwater
Pearls. Only seen occassionally.
Schmuck = many meanings... jewelry, ornament,
embellishment, trinket... sparklies!
= decorative coinlike discs, usually gold. These
are a thin stamped highly detailed and decorative gold
discs of foil usually sewn onto altar hangings or liturgical
ceremonial wear. Sometimes seen applied to paintings
as well. Usually seems to be interchangable with Plättchen.
The same as us calling the fake round shiny
metal things on belly dance scarves "coins". They look
like them, sorta, but aren't.
= discs or plates (known as bezants in sca)
Goldplattchen = Gold discs (known as bezants in sca)
= Sticks, also refers both to knitting and crochet needles
as well as chopsticks, and bugle-shaped beads.
Stickerei = Embroidery
Perlenstickerei = Beaded Embroidery
Gestickt = Embroidered
Gewebt = Woven
Reliquiare = Reliquary
= Container for the Holy Host (Communion wafer)
Farben = Color, coloring
Rot = Red
Gelb = yellow
Grün = Green
Blau = Blue
Purpur = purple
Schwarz = Black
Weiß = White
Musuem, Art and Location terms
Kunst = Art
Künstler = Artist
Sammlungen, Sammlung = Collection
Museumsführer = Musuem Guide (brochure)
Ausstellungskatalog = Exhibitions Catalog
Landesmuseum = State Museum
Orte = Places,
Stadt = City, municipality
Staat, Staaten = State (region/province)
Öffentliche = Public, as in publically owned or operated.
Halböffentlich, Halböffentlicher = Semi-public
Privatbesitz = Private Hands (Private Collection/Collector)
Historisches = Historical
Geschichte = History
Kunstgewerbe = Arts and crafts,
Sonstiges = Miscellaneous, assorted, various
Dom = Cathedral
Dommuseum = Cathedral Musuem
Domschatz = Cathedral Treasure
Kunstschatz = Art Treasure
Schatz = Treasury
Kloster = Monastery, friary, cloistered
religious order (singular)
Klöster = Monasteries, friaries, cloistered religious
Frauenkloster = Convent, nunnery (singular)
Frauenklöster = Convents, nunneries (plural
Time and Numbers
Jahr/Jahren = Year/Years
Abbreviated is "j"
Useage: 1635 jahren or jahr 1478
Jahrhundert - Century
Abbreviated is "jh"
Useage: 16. jahrhundert is 16th century - not 1600's.
Centuries are always
in numerals, followed by a dot (example "14.
Jh"). They are never
spelled out as we do in English, like the words "fourteen" or
1's can look like an inverted v possibly dotted as a
letter "i" would
be, so they can be very confusing on some handwritten records
if you don't know what you are looking at.